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Ensure Indoor Air Quality with Gas Vapour Barriers from GCP

Ensure Indoor Air Quality with Gas Vapour Barriers from GCP

Soil Contamination and its Impact on Indoor Air Quality

People can be exposed to soil contaminants in a number of ways, including:

  • Breathing VOCs that intruded into the home or into the outdoor air
  • Absorbing chemicals through their skin when coming in contact with soil
  • Ingesting food grown on contaminated soil

Anyone building on sites with potential soil contamination needs to ensure that the chemicals in the soil don't infiltrate the structure and degrade the air quality (a phenomenon called vapour intrusion) and must remediate or remove soil that is contaminated. Several studies of indoor air quality in buildings on land with soil contaminated by volatile organic compounds indicated that the indoor air quality may contain significant levels of contaminants due to vapour intrusion.

Vapour intrusion

Vapour intrusion can cause safety hazards and in some cases can cause acute health effects, according to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Common vapour-forming chemicals include:

  • Volatile organic compounds (VOCs), such as trichloroethylene and benzene
  • Semi-volatile organic compounds, such as naphthalene
  • Elemental mercury
  • Polychlorinated biphenyls and pesticides

Indoor air quality concerns

Indoor air quality problems create a wide range of health problems. In fact, the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies found that poor indoor air conditions cost tens of billions of dollars a year in lost worker productivity due to illnesses and allergic reactions.

Health problems caused by soil pollution

Soil pollution can cause a wide range of health problems, including headaches, nausea, rashes, and more serious conditions such as liver and kidney damage as well as certain types of cancer.

Common soil contaminants

Former manufacturing facilities, industrial sites, parking lots, and waste disposal sites are common areas where soil contaminants are found. It is also not uncommon to find contaminants on land previously used for farming, due to excessive pesticide or fertiliser use.

Building on contaminated sites

The amount of contaminant in the soil can vary greatly, and this may be impacted by a number of factors, such as the type of soil. In some cases, contaminants may accumulate in the soil, causing a safety risk for children playing in the yard. In other cases, soil contaminants are spread through the air when excavation occurs. When building in areas with contaminated soil, it's especially important to have a soil test done and engage experts who can ensure proper remediation is done to protect future building tenants.

Protecting against vapour intrusion

There are a number of remediation options available when remediating a contaminated site. One option is to use a gas vapour barrier, installed outside of the foundation of the structure, to prevent gas vapours from getting into the structure. The gas vapour barrier adheres to the basement slab and walls, encapsulating the entire below ground structure to keep gas (as well as water) out.

Get to know more about gas vapour barriers by visiting www.gcpat.com.au today.



GCP Applied Technologies Profile

1800 855 525

14 Colebard St, West Archerfield, QLD, 4108

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GCP Applied Technologies Profile

1800 855 525

ENQUIRE HERE

ENQUIRE NOW






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